Early Years

The Early Year Foundation Stage is the statutory curriculum, which is followed by all Reception classes.

Children joining our school have already learnt a great deal: many have been to one of a range of settings that exist in our
community and so the Early Years education we offer our children builds on what they already know and can do. In partnership
with parents and carers we enable the children to begin the process of becoming active learners for life.

The EYFS is based upon four principles:

A unique child - developing resilient, capable, confident and self-assured individuals.We recognise that every child is a
competent learner who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured. We recognise that children develop in individual
ways and at varying rates. Children’s attitudes and dispositions to learning are influenced by feedback from others; we use praise
and encouragement as well as celebration and rewards to encourage and develop a positive attitude to learning.

Positive relationships - supporting the children in becoming strong and independent.We recognise that children learn to be
strong and independent from secure relationships and aim to develop caring, respectful and professional relationships with the
children and their families.

Enabling environments - where opportunities and experiences respond to the individual needs of the child by developing a
strong partnership between practitioners, parents/carers and the child. We recognise that the environment plays a key role
in supporting and extending the children’s development. Through observations we assess the children’s interests, stages of
development and learning needs before planning challenging and achievable activities and experiences to extend their learning.

Learning and developing - An acknowledgement that children learn in different ways and at different rates. The Early Years Unit
is organised to allow children to explore and learn securely and safely. There are areas where the children can be active, be quiet
and rest. The unit is set up in learning areas where children are able to find and locate equipment and resources independently

Curriculum Areas

The curriculum is divided into prime and specific areas for learning and development.
Which are particular important for building a foundation for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, forming
relationships and thriving.

Prime Areas:
• Communication and Language
• Physical Development
• Personal, social and emotional development

Specific Areas:
• Literacy
• Mathematics
• Understanding the World
• Expressive Arts and Design
Through careful assessments and observations, including information provided by parents and other settings, children’s
development levels are assessed. There is a balance of learning in all areas of learning as children grow in confidence and ability
within the three prime areas.

Each area of learning and development is implemented through a mix of adult-led and child-initiated activities. Play and active
learning are essential parts children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore, to think about problems, and
relate to others. Children learn by leading their own learning, and by taking part in active learning which is guided by adults.
Planning and guided children’s activities will reflect on the different ways that children learn and reflect these in their practice. We
believe pupil’s voice plays a significant role in the design of the curriculum at The Horsell Village School. Learning is based on an
overarching theme and activities are planned for from response of the children’s ideas.

At The Horsell Village School we support children in using the three characteristics of effective teaching and learning. These are;

Playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and ‘have a go’;

Active learning - children concentrate and keep on trying if they encounter difficulties, and enjoy achievements; and

Creating and thinking critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for
doing things. (Taken from Development Matters 2020).